This seemingly childish question is not always answered by many adults either.
Both of these types are really very similar. They belong to the species of amphibians; the detachment is tailless. Most of their lives are spent in the water. Their diet is also almost identical – both of them feed on insects.
So how to understand who you saw in your garden – a frog or a toad?
The toad has smaller hind legs and the body is larger and rather flat. On the head of the toad behind the eyes are large glands with poison. Most often, this poison is not dangerous for human health.
However, some types of toads and frogs can be deadly to humans – but this applies to species living in South America. Frogs and toads living in Europe and Asia are absolutely harmless to humans.
The frog is smaller, but it has a larger head.
There is also a difference in the way of movement – frogs move by jumping. Toads cannot jump because of the length of their legs. On the ground, they just roll awkwardly.
Interestingly, some species of frogs have teeth. Toads do not have them.
Both toads and frogs breed and develop in water. However, frogs even in adulthood prefer not to go far from water bodies, and toads prefer to live in vegetable gardens, gardens, and shrubs. And they return to the water only during the mating season – to lay eggs.
Speaking of eggs. Interestingly, even by watching the eggs in the water, you can understand who they belong to – a toad or a frog. Toad eggs are connected by cords, in some species their length reaches 8 meters. Cords most often lie at the bottom of the reservoir. By the way, it is interesting that in some species of toads, males are responsible for their safety. They wrap cords with eggs around their paws and guard them somewhere in holes dug outside the water, and only when it’s time to hatch, they take them back to the reservoir.
The eggs laid by frogs move freely in the water. In addition, frogs lay much more eggs.
Benefits for a person
Both toads and frogs are equally beneficial to humans because they feed on parasites. But here, too, there is a slight difference. Frogs, in addition to insects, eat small fish, snails, and even spiders. Toads often eat invertebrates such as slugs, grubs, and worms. But the main diet of both of them, of course, are insects.
Frog and toad: similarities and differences
Grade 2 students study the world around them from a textbook, but interesting animals are found in a nearby park, in a suburban area. Many are familiar with frogs and toads, but not everyone knows how they differ and how they are similar. The article talks about the differences between a toad and a frog.
Who are frogs and toads
Frogs and toads belong to the class of amphibians. This means that they live on land and in water. In Russia, they are found everywhere, except for the northern regions. There are 28 species, including 6 species of toads and 10 species of frogs. The most common species are pond and grass frogs, the common toad.
How are frogs and toads similar?
If you compare their appearance, it seems that they are almost the same. Similar paws, funny jumps, bulging eyes.
Frogs and toads can be found under fallen leaves and in the swamp. Both hunt for insects Kikker en Een Pad, hide from the bright sun. They have bare skin without scales. The life of frogs and toads begins in a shallow, warm pond, where tadpoles emerge from small eggs. Gradually, they turn into adult animals and get out onto land.
What is the difference between a toad and a frog
There are several main features that distinguish a toad from a frog.
Frogs have smooth skin, slightly moist, safe for humans and animals. Therefore, frogs often become the prey of dogs, cats, otters, gulls, and storks. They are saved by fast jumps. Toads have uneven, dry, rough skin with an unpleasant odor. Toads have venom glands to protect themselves from predators, but poison is not dangerous for humans.
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Frogs have long hind legs, jump easily, swim fast, and barely walk. Toads live on land, move “on foot”, awkwardly waddling.
There is a difference in the way of eating. Frogs hunt crawling and flying insects at any time of the day with the help of a long sticky tongue, they can catch fry in a pond. Toads go for prey in the evening or at night. They have a sticky but short tongue, so they get only crawling insects.
When comparing a frog and a toad, it should be noted that some types of frogs have small teeth on the upper jaw, while toads are toothless.
Caviar is different. Toads hang ribbons with caviar hidden inside on aquatic plants. The length of the tapes reaches 5-7 meters. Frog caviar in the form of large clods often floats near the surface of the reservoir. Tadpoles of toads dig in the bottom silt in search of prey, frog “children” scurry among the plants without going into the depths.
Another difference between a toad and a frog is manifested in winter. Toads burrow into loose soil, use animal burrows, and hide in cellars and cellars. Common frog prefers to winter at the bottom of water bodies. Pond – on land, in loose soil under the roots of trees.
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